MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a proprietary programming language and numerical computing environment specifically built around matrix manipulation.
The application is built around the MATLAB scripting language. Common usage of the involves the Command Window as an interactive mathematical shell or executing text files containing MATLAB code.
The MATLAB language and environment is used for solving problems with data analyses and visualization.
Enter data into MATLAB manually in the command window or by importing files. Use math or array operators, conditional loops, or call built-in functions to perform operations such as data manipulation and statistical analyses. Use other scripts and functions to plot data in desired visualization. Save commands, data, and results in files.
% get mpg from data matrix column 2
>> mpg = data(:,2)
min = 17
max = 26
mean = 21.80
MATLAB Website -http://www.mathworks.com/products/matlab/index.html
Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MATLAB
Mark S. Gockenbach, A Practical Introduction to Matlab, http://www.math.mtu.edu/~msgocken/intro/intro.html